Flow Control in Data Link Layer

As we know different station or nodes in the network having different capacity and transfer speed, for the purpose of successful communication in between these stations, the flow control protocols comes into picture.

Approaches To Flow Control

Flow Control can be handled through the following approaches

1. Feedback based Flow Control: In these protocols, the sender sends frames to receiver and then wait for acknowledgment signal from the receiver. This approach is used in the data link layer.

2. Rate based Flow Control: These kinds of protocols do not use any feedback or acknowledgment signals. These protocols have built-in mechanisms to limit or restrict the rate of data transmission from sender to receiver. This approach is mostly used in the network layer and the transport layer.

 Flow Control Protocols in Data Link Layer

There are basically two types of techniques used to control the flow of data. One for Noiseless channel and other for Noisy Channel as shows in the following figure.

All protocols explained in upcoming lectures.

 

 

 

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