Allocation Methods In Contiguous

In continuous memory management there are 4 algorithms. Through these algorithms we can allocate the upcoming process in proper hole to avoid from internal fragmentation. These algorithms are known as Partition Allocation Methods In Contiguous.

1. First Fit: In this algorithm OS allocate the process to first Hole that is big enough.

It is very fast and easy to implement

First fit algorithm starts scanning the partitions from the beginning of memory every time to load new process in main memory. When it found first big enough partition, that can accommodate the loading process, then scanning stop and process loaded successfully. Explanation given under

2. Next Fit: Next fit is modified of first fit but it will search for the first big enough partition from the last allocation partition.

3. Best Fit: In this algorithm OS allocate the process to that partition which is first smallest enough (among the all free available partition) to accommodate that process.

It is time consuming algorithm but internal fragmentation factor is minimized.

4. Worst Fit: In this algorithm OS allocate the process to that partition which is first Largest enough (among the all free available partition) to accommodate that process.

Allocation Methods in FIXED and Dynamic Partitions explained under,

1. Fix Sized Partitions

Explain with example

Let suppose we have four FIX sized partitions with size 1MB, 6MB, 5MB, and 4MB respectively and four incoming processes (P1 to P4) with sizes 4MB, 1MB, 3MB and 2MB respectively.

Fixed Partitioning ExampleLet’s start the First Fit algorithm execution from above mentioned processes and memory.

Fixed Partitioning Example through First-fit

 Let’s start the Next Fit algorithm execution from above mentioned processes and memory. 

Fixed Partitioning Example through Next-Fit

 Let’s start the Best Fit algorithm execution from above mentioned processes and memory.

Fixed Partitioning Example through Best-Fit

Let’s start the Worst Fit algorithm execution from above mentioned processes and memory.

Fixed Partitioning Example through Worst-Fit

2. Dynamic Partitions

Explain With Example

Let suppose we have four empty Dynamic sized partitions with size 1MB, 6MB, 5MB, and 4MB respectively

and four incoming processes (P1 to P4) with sizes 4MB, 1MB, 3MB and 2MB respectively.

 

Case 01: First Fit

Dynamic Allocation methods First-fit

Case 02: Next Fit

Dynamic Allocation method Next-Fit

Case 03: Best Fit

Dynamic Allocation method Best-Fit

Case 04: Worst Fit

Dynamic Allocation methods Worst-Fit

Practice Questions

Question 1:  if there are 8 jobs (J1 to J8) arrive at time zero having job sizes 2K, 14K, 3K, 6K, 6K, 10K, 7K, 20K respectively and there usage time 4, 10, 2, 8, 4, 1, 8, 6 respectively then calculate the time at which Job 7 will completed by applying BEST FIT algorithm.

Solution

BEST FIT Dynamic Partitions QuestionStep 1

 As it is best fit case, so J1 fit in 2K, J2 in 20K, J3 in 4K and J4 in 8K memory Partitions. Timeline of completion time of all jobs given below

Solution-of-BEST-FIT-Dynamic-Partitions-Question-step-1

 

Step 2

J5 came now, but the memory is already full. J5 wait for termination of any Job so J5 will check the timeline to find his Place in memory. At Point 2 Job J3 terminate but its space is not enough to accommodate J6 size and the same case with J1 at point 4.

Solution-of-BEST-FIT-Dynamic-Partitions-Question-step-2

So at point 8 Job J4 is completed and J5 enter at point 8 and completed at point 12.   

Step 3

J6 came now, but the memory is already full. J6 wait for termination of any Job so J6 will check the timeline to find his Place in memory. At Point 2 Job J3 terminate but its space is not enough to accommodate J6 size and the same case with J1 at point 4.

Solution-of-BEST-FIT-Dynamic-Partitions-Question-step-3

So at point 10 Job J2 is completed and J6 enter at point 8 and completed at point 11.

Because its execution time is 1.   

Step 4

 J7 came now, follow the previous rules, so it will replace J6 and terminate at point 19.   

Solution-of-BEST-FIT-Dynamic-Partitions-Question-step-4

 

Question2: In dynamic partitions, If the processes requests are in given order

  • 300MB
  • 25MB
  • 125MB
  • 50MB

and two memory blocks are available of size 150MB and 350MB.
Which of the following partition allocation method is fulfill the above conditions?

A) Best fit but not first fit.
B) Both first fit & best fit.
C) First fit but not best fit.
D) Neither first fit nor best fit.

Solution

Dynamic Partitions Questions

According to First Fit

Dynamic Partitions Questions First Fit

According to Best Fit

Dynamic Partitions Questions Best Fit

So option C is the correct choice.

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