Features of IoT

The most important features of IoT on which IoT works are connectivity, sensing, active engagement, scale, integration, intelligence, energy, safety, and many more. Look at the following diagram

Features Of IoT

Let’s explain these terms

1. Connectivity

In IoT, smart devices can communicate after connectivity.  Connectivity is required between all the things of IoT and IoT platforms. IoT platform may be server or cloud.

Connecting the IoT smart devices requires high-speed data transfer between the devices and the cloud. So, to achieve reliable, secure, and bi-directional communication, we use Radio waves (RFID), Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, or GPS technology.

2. Sensing

In IoT, the smart devices are capable of sensing the data continuously.  Sense of data means detecting and measuring any change in the environment and reporting as well.  Without sensing the environment, IoT is incomplete.

We use pressure, Electrochemical, light sensors, GPS, Electrochemical, RFID, etc., to gather data from the environment where a particular problem happens.

3. Active Engagements

Active engagements mean sharing the sensing data among all smart devices that are connected with each other by using technology (i.e., WiFi). So, Active engagements are achieved through IoT.

Through IoT, we achieve active networks from passive networks.

Tip. In an active network, the stream of sensed data flows continuously, but in a passive network, data is received after connecting to it.

4. Scale

Scaling means Flexibility. So, in IoT devices there must be flexibility so that they can be scaled up or down easily on demand.

An IoT device designer should design their IoT infrastructure according to current and future scale requirements.

In general, IoT is being used in smart homes, large factories, and workstations as well. So, there must be scalability in IoT devices to fulfill the needs.

5. Integrating

IoT integrates the various models to improve the user experience as well.

6. Intelligence

Artificial intelligence plays a growing role in IoT applications. Now, Major vendors of IoT devices are adding the functionality of integrated AI. In the future, there may be a rare case where AI is not implemented with IoT.

AI minimizes human interaction, where most designs, such as machine learning-based analytics, are made by machines.

Examples of Real World where AI Embedded IoT Devices

  • Self-Driving Cars.
  • Smart Homes.
  • Body Sensors
  • Robots for Manufacturing Industries

7. Energy

While designing IoT ecosystems (sensors, Devices, servers, etc.), there is a basic need to provide energy to each component of the IoT ecosystem. So, Design ecosystems in such a way that it utilize minimum energy. Mostly less is size devices consume less energy compared to large size devices

8. Safety

No doubt, the safety of IoT systems is not good enough as compared to conventional Networks. The reason is that many components are interconnected in IoT ecosystems to communicate with each other. Compromising any component of an IoT ecosystem may lead to the failure of the whole pipeline. So, there must be proper security while designing IoT ecosystems.