Characteristics of Internet of Things



According to the definition of internet of things (IoT),  there are lot of IoT devices which are interconnected with each through internet. These devices sense the data continuously from their environment. Sensed data can either share with each other or transmitted on cloud server.

IoT has various characteristics but most common are explained under,

Major Characteristics of the Internet of Things 

There are the following characteristics of IoT as follows. Let’s discuss it one by one.

1. Connectivity 

Connectivity is an important pillar of the IoT infrastructure. IoT devices should be connected regardless of their presence. Without connection, nothing makes sense.

2. Identity

Each IoT device has its unique identity. If it needs to access the data from specific device then its identification element is very helpful.



3. Intelligence

The extraction of data from the sensor devices is very important. This data is only useful if it is interpreted properly. IoT perform operations on sensed data in such a way that the results are useful for us. It is the intelligence property of IoT.

4. Scalability 

The number of IoT devices are increasing day by day. Hence, the scalability of an IoT should be enough that it can handle the massive traffic.

5. Dynamic and Self-Adapting

IoT devices should dynamically adapt themselves according to situations.  For example a camera can capture data according to light conditions. It is shifted to night or day mode automatically. It is self-Adapting  technique

6. Architecture

IoT architecture should be hybrid, supporting different manufacturers. So, it cannot be homogeneous in nature. IoT is not the name of any engineering branch. IoT comes to picture when multiple domains come together.

7. Safety

Safety should be the top priority. But in case of IoT, Safety is big challenge because multiple things are connected through internet. And security at each node is a critical and tough task.

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